Question: What Is The Main Function Of The Stem?

What are the 4 functions of a stem?

Stems have four main functions which are:Support for and the elevation of leaves, flowers and fruits.

Transport of fluids between the roots and the shoots in the xylem and phloem(see below)Storage of nutrients.Production of new living tissue..

Which is not the primary function of stem?

Photosynthesis is not the primary function of stem. … Whereas, conduction of water and minerals from roots to other parts, formation of branches, bearing flowers and fruits and holding the plant upright are main functions of a stem.

What is an example of a stem vegetable?

Stem vegetables include asparagus and kohlrabi. Among the edible tubers, or underground stems, are potatoes. The leaf and leafstalk vegetables include brussels sprouts, cabbage, celery, lettuce, rhubarb, and spinach. … Seed vegetables are usually legumes, such as peas and beans.

What are the 3 main functions of stems?

The primary functions of the stem are to support the leaves; to conduct water and minerals to the leaves, where they can be converted into usable products by photosynthesis; and to transport these products from the leaves to other parts of the plant, including the roots.

What are the two main types of stems?

There are two main types of stems: woody and herbaceous.

What are the main function of underground stems?

Underground stems are modified plants that derive from stem tissue but exist under the soil surface. They function as storage tissues for food and nutrients, propagation of new clones, and perennation (survival from one growing season to the next).

What is the female part of a flower called?

pistilIn many cases, the flower contains male and female parts, roughly equivalent to the male and female sexes of animals. The male parts of the flower are called the stamens and are made up of the anther at the top and the stalk or filament that supports the anther. The female elements are collectively called the pistil.

What is inside of a stem?

The stem is composed of three tissue systems that include the epidermis, vascular, and ground tissues, all of which are made from the simple cell types.. The xylem and phloem carry water and nutrients up and down the length of the stem and are arranged in distinct strands called vascular bundles.

What is a stem?

STEM is a common abbreviation for four closely connected areas of study: science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

Is Carrot an underground stem?

Potato – This is a stem, an underground storage stem called a tuber. Carrot – This is a modified tap root, for storage. … The potatoes grow on underground stems, called stolons. You can know potato tubers are actually thickened stems because they have buds that sprout stems and leaves.

Which stem do we eat?

Humans most commonly eat the seeds (e.g. maize, wheat), fruit (e.g. tomato, avocado, banana), flowers (e.g. broccoli), leaves (e.g. lettuce, spinach, and cabbage), roots (e.g. carrots, beets), and stems (e.g. asparagus, ginger) of many plants.

Is tomato a stem?

Tomato plants are dicots, and grow as a series of branching stems, with a terminal bud at the tip that does the actual growing. When that tip eventually stops growing, whether because of pruning or flowering, lateral buds take over and grow into other, fully functional, vines.

What is the function of stem class 6?

The main functions of the stem of a plant are as follows : (1) The stem holds the plant upright (or erect). (2) The stem of a plant carries water and minerals from the roots to the leaves and other parts of the plant. (3) The stem carries the prepared food from leaves to other parts of the plant .

What is stem and its types?

The main functions of stems are to support and elevation of leaves, fruits, and flowers. … Cells of a stem, meristems, produce new living tissues. Underground stem, Aerial stem, and subaerial stem are three different types of Stem. A stem has many important functions it performs other than letting you climb a tree.

What is the definition of petiole?

the slender stalk by which a leaf is attached to the stem; leafstalk. … a stalk or peduncle, as that connecting the abdomen and thorax in wasps.

Which is not a part of Leaf?

laminaAnswer. Answer: lamina is not a part of leaf.

What are the functions of root and stem?

Roots are important to a plant’s survival because they absorb water and nutrients from the soil, anchor the plant to the ground and store food for the plant. The stem is the stalk or trunk of a plant. Like the roots, stems also help the plant survive.

What are the major parts of a stem?

A typical plant stem consists of eight distinct parts, containing six elements and two organs. The six elements are: 1) nodes, 2) internodes, 3) terminal or apical bud, 4) lateral or axillary bud, 5) petiole and 6) pedicel. While the two organs are: 7) leaves and 8) flowers.

Why potato is called underground stem?

Answer: The potatoes grow on underground stem. The potato tubers are actually thickened stem they have buds that sprout stem and leafs. … And the potatoes are under the ground so they are called underground stem.

What is an example of stem?

The definition of a stem is the main stalk of a plant. An example of stem is the part that holds up the petals on a flower and from which the leaves grow. Stem is defined as to originate from. An example of stem is when an argument arises from a previous statement.

What are the 4 types of stem?

There are four types of herbaceous stems. These are climbers, bulbs, tubers and runners. Herbaceous stems are thin, soft and green in colour except those that grow underground, like potato and onion stems. They live through only one growing season.